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*Flynn JT, Kaelber DC, Baker-Smith CM, et al; SUBCOMMITTEE ON SCREENING AND MANAGEMENT OF HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE IN CHILDREN. Clinical Practice Guideline for Screening and Management of High Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents. Pediatrics. 2017; 140(3):e20171904
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Addendum: Causes of Malignant Hypertension by Age Infant to Toddler Preschool to School Age Adolescent to Adult Renal disease Renal disease Primary hypertension Coarctation of the aorta Coarctation of the aorta Medication non-adherence Bronchopulmonary dysplasia Drug induced/toxicologic Renal disease Increased intracranial pressure Increased intracranial pressure Increased intracranial pressure Volume overload Pheochromocytoma Pheochromocytoma Congenital adrenal hyperplasia Primary hypertension Drug induced/toxicologic
Adapted from: Constantine E. Hypertension. In: Textbook of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, 6th Ed. Fleischer GR, Ludwig S, Henretig FM (Eds). Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia. 2010; p315.
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