Manage episode 209731491 series 2249744
- How soil health and compost applications contribute to varietal performance
- How modern dwarf rootstocks compare to older varieties
- What is the future of biological and mechanical solutions to automate harvesting
- Successfully reducing bacterial canker with plant nutrition
- ...And more!
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Episode 12 - Lynn Long - Highlights
2:45 - What are some memorable moments that have lead Lynn to where he is today?
- In the 90’s, cherry production was focused on one single variety. There wasn’t a lot of diversity at the time.
- In 1994, Lynn went to Europe and gained knowledge that changed the way cherries are farmed in the US
4:10 - What shift happened, and how did Lynn start managing trees differently?
- Lynn had been researching cherry rootstock
- Lynn saw what farms in Germany, France, Spain, and elsewhere in Europe were doing, and brought this knowledge back to help growers understand
7:40 - How does the vigor of modern dwarf rootstock compared to older varieties?
- A lot of farmers prefer older varieties
- Dwarfing rootstock seen to be more shallow
9:10 - What has been missing in looking at the “other half of the tree”
- Everything from research to management has been focused on only half the tree - the top half.
- We are seeing more and more research being done on what is happening below ground with the tree
11:20 - What are some of the things Lynn has observed to cause him to start to wonder what is happening in the soil profile?
- Dwarfing rootstock in hard soil affecting the growth and behavior of trees
- Leaves look stressed and wilted, impacting food quality
- Keeping microorganisms alive throughout the entire year to affect the health of the ecosystem and the tree
14:20 - What has Lynn learned from compost trials?
- Struggling orchards turned around
- Taking stress off the tree by keeping soil cooler
- How can adding organic soil help the health of the tree?
- Success Lynn has seen in Chile
18:00 - What has been something that has surprised Lynn?
- The grower community being open with ideas and their operations
- Growers who share the most often receive the most
21:30 - What is something that Lynn believes the be true that is different from the mainstream?
- Mainstream agriculture is only focusing on the top half of the tree
23:30 - How does managing what is happening below the soil change how we manage above the soil?
- Issues we are struggling with now may become minor issues later
26:00 - How will the canopy be affected by a changing root system?
- Getting high-quality fruit all around the tree, not just the top
29:20 - Success in reducing bacterial canker through ecosystem management
33:30 - What is a resource Lynn would recommend?
35:40 - What does Lynn wish he was asked?
- Where is cherry production going in the future?
37:00 - What does Lynn think the future holds in fruit and vegetable production
- Labor shortage problem
- Mechanical and biological solutions to getting cherries off trees without laborers
40:00 - How does Lynn see an orchard of the future?
- Being able to automate the process of collecting cherries without dropping quality
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