Manage episode 246496747 series 1250744
In this nicely done short piece in Christianity Today, analytic theologian Dr. Oliver Crisp discusses a “paradox” (i.e. an apparent contradiction) involving Jesus and temptation. This apparent contradiction is generated by an argument or chain of reasoning like this. (These are my formulations, but I think they roughly capture what he’s thinking.)
- Jesus is human.
- Jesus is divine.
- Anyone who is human is for that reason in principle temptable.
- Anyone who is divine is for that reason not in principle temptable.
- In principle, Jesus could be tempted. (1,3)
- It is false that in principle, Jesus could be tempted. (2,4)
But this contradiction (the conjunction of 5 and 6) shows that something is wrong with 1-4: they can’t all be true, as they imply a falsehood (the conjunction of 5 and 6). At least one of 1-4 must be false, not true.
Another way to see the problem is by formulating an inconsistent triad. This is not an argument with premises and conclusion, but rather a list of three claims which we know can’t all be true. It looks like we must deny at least one. But which?
- Jesus is divine.
- No one who is divine can be tempted.
- Jesus was tempted.
In his insightful discussion Dr. Crisp briefly grapples with this problem, and if you listen closely you’ll hear which premise of the above argument he denies, and which member of the inconsistent triad he denies.
Do you agree? Why or why not?
In this episode I go through his piece and explain why I think that on a closer look, it reveals some serious scriptural problems for theories on which Jesus has “a divine nature” and “a human nature.”
Links for this episode:
- “Was Christ Tempted in Every Way?”
- Dr. Oliver Crisp @ University of St. Andrews
- podcast 81 – Dr. Oliver Crisp on the breadth of Reformed tradition
- podcast 82 – Dr. Oliver Crisp on libertarian Calvinism and universalism
- Divinity and Humanity
- God Incarnate: Explorations in Christology
- The Word Enfleshed: Exploring the Person and Work of Christ
- podcast 145 – ‘Tis Mystery All: the Immortal dies!
- podcast 146 – Jesus as an Exemplar of Faith in the New Testament
- Clarifying catholic christologies
- Tuggy vs. Date debate: “Is Jesus human and not divine?”
- Hurtado on the early worship of Jesus
- a reading of Philippians 2:5-11
- Hebrews 4:15; James 1:13; 2 Corinthians 5:21; Galatians 3:13; Habakkuk 1:13; Philippians 2:5-11; Revelation 5:9-11.
- This week’s thinking music is “Stage 1 Level 24” by Monplaisir.