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In this episode Bob and Julia discuss the polluted state of our information environment in this complex, technical, culturally shifting world we're living in. They then outline a step by step method for vetting our information, in order to help us tentatively decide its truth value and to help decide what to do with the information. This is the fir…
 
As the US Presidential Election approaches, a swarm of issues are being politicized—exposing us to communication from downright propaganda pieces and disinformation to reasoned balanced arguments—making this a great time to start practicing critical thinking. The timing also makes long-time critical thinking educator, Jonathan Haber, author of Crit…
 
Bob and Julia talk strategies for recognizing and combating misinformation with psychologist and cartoonist Dr. John Cook from George Mason University. Dr Cook, a specialist in countering science denial, discusses various methods of inoculation against misinformation and the uses of cartoons, humor, and educational games to counter misinformation a…
 
Hosts Bob and Julia discuss a variety of topics with Anthony Weston, including: the most important aspects of teaching critical thinking and those most difficult for students to master; why it's important, at this time in our culture, to learn and practice critical thinking skills; the prevalence of values-based aspects in issues we encounter in ou…
 
The current COVID-19 pandemic has made critical thinking and reducing the misinformation and disinformation in our information environment more important than ever. In addition to hosts Bob and Julia discussing the issue, this episode features a prerecorded interview that Bob did with Professor Amanda Hughes from Brigham Young University, an expert…
 
This episode features a discussion with guest, Baba Brinkman. Baba is a Canadian rapper and playwright, now based in New York, especially known for recordings and performances that combine hip hop music with literature, theatre, and science. Topics discussed include: rap and hip hop as effective means for promoting science and critical thinking, sc…
 
This discussion, with Dr. Spencer Greenberg, focuses on a variety of free tools and mini-courses, on-line at: clearerthinking.org. These fun, interactive tools and mini-courses, developed by Dr. Greenberg and associates, have been meticulously designed to improve your critical thinking skills, help you understand yourself more deeply, form new posi…
 
This episode focuses on how we humans "construct" our perceptions of reality using our “Bayesian Brain” to integrate incoming sensory information with our preconceived notions of the world around us. Citing work done by Dr. Anil Seth, Professor of Cognitive and Computational Neuroscience at the University of Sussex in England, Bob and Julia discuss…
 
The connectivity of the internet allows us to retrieve accurate information, which can be used to support true beliefs, but also exposes us to misinformation and disinformation created to perpetuate false beliefs. In this episode, U.C. Irvine Professor Cailin O'Connor, coauthor of the book "The Misinformation Age", discusses her research using comp…
 
How our beliefs affect us and belief change are topics of focus in this episode of Thinking Clearly with guest: Professor Michael Wolfe from Grand Valley State University. Professor Wolfe's research interests on how our preexisting beliefs affect our evaluation of arguments, the degree to which we change our beliefs when exposed to information that…
 
As discussed in his recent book: "The Know-It-All Society", Michael P. Lynch, Professor of Philosophy at the University of Connecticut, helps us take another look at the current state of dialogue in contemporary American culture as we discuss how polarization, conviction and intellectual arrogance has led us to believe that we have nothing to learn…
 
This episode focuses on the power of understanding statistics and probability, including how avoiding base rate neglect can help you make better decisions. Also discussed are: superforecasting (what it takes to make more accurate predictions of future events) and the power of understanding the statistical principle of regression toward the mean.…
 
In this episode, guest philosopher, educator and author Lee McIntyre discusses his latest book, "The Scientific Attitude", and explains that the concept he calls "the scientific attitude" offers the best way to both describe what is special about science while it also solves the demarcation problem of separating science from non-science and pseudos…
 
In this episode Bob and Julia discuss a variety of critical thinking mini-topics, including the skill of being able to identify and distinguish different kinds of claims (descriptive vs. normative and claims that are conclusions of arguments) and emphasize the power of using this skill in this age of information pollution. They also explore the dif…
 
Bob and Julia discuss the nature of skepticism and its relationship to critical thinking and the nuts and bolts of using and editing Wikipedia with guest Susan Gerbic, science advocate and activist skeptic. Susan is a co-founder of Monterey County Skeptics, founder and leader of the Guerrilla Skepticism on Wikipedia Project and a regular contributo…
 
Have you ever wondered why some people have such different opinions than you on certain hot button issues; for example: climate change or gun control? Why don’t we all just objectively look at the evidence and weigh the risks against the benefits? To help answer these types of questions, Bob and Julia along with guest, Professor John Gastil from Pe…
 
With simple explanations and a dash of humor, John Allen Paulos, Mathematics Professor from Temple University, unpacks some topics from statistics that are essential for critical thinkers in navigating the complex terrain of our modern world. Professor Paulos has authored nine books including "Innumeracy", the classic book on statistics and critica…
 
This episode with guest Benjamin Shaffer, Professor of Philosophy from Humboldt State University, features a discussion of how critical thinkers can best identify, understand, and reason through values-based/moral/ethical arguments.By Bob Froehlich-Retired Chemist, Counselor, Psychology Professor and Julia Minton-Technology Consultant
 
Richard Parker, Professor Emeritus of philosophy at California State University, Chico and co-author of the textbook: "Critical Thinking", joins hosts Bob and Julia to discuss the challenges of teaching critical thinking, difficulties learners have mastering the subject, and why critical thinking skills matter. Resources for learning critical think…
 
This New Year edition of "Thinking Clearly" taps into the humor, good nature, and deep thinking of musician, song writer, podcaster, skeptic and advocate for science and critical thinking, George Hrab.By Bob Froehlich-Retired Chemist, Counselor, Psychology Professor and Julia Minton-Technology Consultant
 
In this episode, Bob and Julia review issues related to current increases in Tribalism and Polarization in American culture & politics, introduce the related concept of Cultural Cognition, and conclude with a discussion of some of the topics and guests that will be coming up in future shows.By Bob Froehlich-Retired Chemist, Counselor, Psychology Professor and Julia Minton-Technology Consultant
 
The vulnerabilities in our quick, intuitive judgments, including the many biases that may mislead us, have been extensively discussed on Thinking Clearly, but this episode celebrates the positive side of intuition with one of its primary researchers, Dr. Gary KleinBy Bob Froehlich-Retired Chemist, Counselor, Psychology Professor and Julia Minton-Technology Consultant
 
This show focuses on how being open to new learning relates to critical thinking, as hosts Bob and Julia discuss insights they've had as a result of hosting the show and how some of what they've learned has affected them.By Bob Froehlich-Retired Chemist, Counselor, Psychology Professor and Julia Minton-Technology Consultant
 
In his new book “Think Again-How to Reason and Argue”, Duke University Professor Walter Sinnott-Armstrong says: “The level of discourse and communication in politics and also in personal life has reached new lows.” In this edition of Thinking Clearly, Bob, Julia, and their guest explore the importance of understanding and promoting good arguments a…
 
Critical thinkers are often faced with trying to evaluate arguments regarding political policies or various technologies. Whereas experts have developed rigorous, quantitative methods of risk-benefit assessment, most of us simply use our intuitive and emotional processing to create a feeling about the issue at hand as being either good or bad. Host…
 
Critical thinking encompasses a wide variety of concepts and related topics. This episode reviews the high points of what past shows have covered and re-anchors some of the most important aspects of the critical thinking process to master for becoming a better critical thinker.By Bob Froehlich-Retired Chemist, Counselor, Psychology Professor and Julia Minton-Technology Consultant
 
Show hosts, Bob and Julia, demonstrate a civil dialogue as they discuss a topic about which they disagree. Even though the topic, "Humanity is Worth Saving", generates a lively discussion, the focus is on the process of civil dialogue rather than the content of the topic. An-studio facilitator helps guide the discussion of process.…
 
This show is part 2 of a series on "Having Civil Dialogues." Julia and Bob discuss the issue, guided by audio clips from radio host and author, Celeste Headley, social psychologist, Professor Rob Willer, and Peabody Award-winning broadcaster Krista Tippett. The question of how to integrate the principles of Civil Dialogue into the process of critic…
 
Bob and Julia summarize, and discuss in broad terms, how current paradigms in cognitive science relate to the importance of using critical thinking in our present informationally polluted environment. This freewheeling discussion and calls from listeners change the direction of the show, which was originally planned to focus on heuristics, biases a…
 
This episode goes in depth about critical thinking with guest Dr. Kevin deLaplante, creator of the Critical Thinker Academy and Argument Ninja Academy and focuses on new developments in critical thinking, the importance of thinking critically and resources for further skill development.By Bob Froehlich-Retired Chemist, Counselor, Psychology Professor and Julia Minton-Technology Consultant
 
When we’re compelled to explain how something works, including political issues and policies, we are forced to confront our lack of knowledge. That idea, its implications, and related studies from cognitive science frames this discussion with guest, Professor Steven Sloman, one of the authors of the recent book, “The Knowledge Illusion – why we nev…
 
Bob and Julia discuss beliefs and why we cling to false beliefs. Several examples of commonly held beliefs which turned out to be “false” (not supported) are discussed including: high rates of suicide during the Christmas season, vortices in sink and toilet drains spinning in opposite directions in northern and southern hemispheres, the PizzaGate C…
 
Topics, with guest Dr. Steven Novella, range from the importance of critical thinking in general, to a discussion of the importance of developing practices in healthcare and other professions as well as policies in the political arena, that are guided by good evidence and scientific research. Dr. Novella is executive editor of the blog "Science-Bas…
 
Bob and guest, Professor Jevin West, Assistant Professor in the Information School at the University of Washington, discuss the scientific method, real world practice of scientific research, and the importance of increasing our basic literacy of concepts in science and technology. Dr. West is co-director of the Data Lab at U of W and also co-teache…
 
Part of our definition of critical thinking is: “….doing a thorough examination and evaluation of a robust cross-section of evidence relevant to the issue at hand when forming claims, conclusions, opinions and beliefs.” Guest Tim Miller, Digital Media & Learning Librarian from Humboldt State University, discusses with Bob and Julia how to best use …
 
Guest Professor of Journalism and Department Chair of Journalism and Mass Communication at Humboldt State University Marcy Burstiner, discusses current issues in journalism and journalism education, including the immediacy of news in the on-line news cycle. Burstiner also discusses the issue of fake news, and what news consumers can do to increase …
 
The California Common Core Curricula, also called the Common Core State Standards, emphasizes collaboration, creativity, communication and critical thinking but is not well understood by non-educators. Guests, Lori Breyer and Colby Smart, from Humboldt County Education Department, explain the details of this approach to education. This show aired l…
 
The episode begins with a clip from Michael Shermer, author and editor of the Skeptic Magazine, discussing pareidolia and patternicity and then introduces definitions of critical thinking, rhetoric and propaganda, using audio clips to illustrate each as the in-depth conversation about the topic, with Community College English Professors Donna and J…
 
This discussion of ways we deceive ourselves features clips from Dr. Steven Novella, host of Skeptics guide to the Universe, and Kevin deLaplante, Lead Instructor of the Critical Thinking Academy, to illustrate the importance of being aware of our cognitive vulnerabilities and their relationship to critical thinking. This show aired live on KMUD ra…
 
Guest, Humboldt State University Philosophy Professor, Benjamin Shaeffer, discusses sources of knowledge, evaluating premises and arguments, the difference between inductive and deductive arguments, what distinguishes justified belief from opinion and why critical thinking is important. This show aired live on KMUD radio on Sept. 1, 2016.…
 
Bob answers a listener's email questions, including how to find the path to have a meaningful discussion from both sides when discussing differences of opinion. He also reviews arguments, premises and conclusions, and - guided by a clip from Dr. Kevin DeLaplante, Lead Instructor of the Critical Thinker Academy -discusses the relationship between cr…
 
In this first episode, hosts Bob Froehlich and Julia Minton give an overview of critical thinking and why it's important, especially in this age of alternative facts and fake news. Various definitions and perspectives on critical thinking are discussed, including those of Edward Glaser, Peter Boghossian, and Steven Novella. Deductive and inductive …
 
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