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Créée par l’historien Lionel Groulx en 1956, la Fondation Lionel-Groulx est héritière de sa maison, de sa bibliothèque, de ses archives et de son œuvre intellectuelle et littéraire. La Fondation se reconnaît un devoir de mémoire envers son fondateur. La mission de la Fondation Lionel-Groulx est d’œuvrer à la promotion de l’histoire, de la langue et de la culture de la nation québécoise.
 
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Invité : Jacques Mathieu, historien et professeur émérite de l’Université LavalJusqu’à l’âge de 27 ans, Louis Hébert vit en plein cœur de Paris. Son père, aussi apothicaire, gère neuf maisons dans le voisinage de Louvre avant que les guerres de religion le conduisent à la ruine et à l’emprisonnement pour ...…
 
Invité : Jacques Mathieu, historien et professeur émérite de l’Université LavalJusqu’à l’âge de 27 ans, Louis Hébert vit en plein cœur de Paris. Son père, aussi apothicaire, gère neuf maisons dans le voisinage de Louvre avant que les guerres de religion le conduisent à la ruine et à l’emprisonnement pour ...…
 
Invitée : Nicolle Forget, biographeAgathe de Saint-Père aurait pu n’être qu’une femme parmi celles qui ont vécu à Ville-Marie, au 17e siècle, Un atelier de tisserand n’eût été le fait qu’elle y fonda, entre autres, une manufacture de tissage vers 1700. Commerçante et exportatrice, Agathe de Saint-Père est la première ...…
 
Invité : Serge Bouchard, anthropologue et auteurDerniers grands coureurs d’espaces et entrepreneurs dans la traite des fourrures sous le régime français, la famille La Vérendrye explore les terres inconnues situées à l’ouest du lac Supérieur. Du lac à la Pluie jusqu’à la rivière Saskatchewan, en passant par le lac Winnipeg, ...…
 
nvité : Biz, écrivain et rappeurVisualisés sur une carte, les nombreux périples du corsaire Pierre Le Moyne d’Iberville donnent le vertige. En 20 ans, il a bourlingué des glaces de la Baie d’Hudson jusqu’au soleil des Antilles. Aussi à l’aise en escarpins dans les salons de Versailles qu’en mocassins sous ...…
 
nvité : Biz, écrivain et rappeurVisualisés sur une carte, les nombreux périples du corsaire Pierre Le Moyne d’Iberville donnent le vertige. En 20 ans, il a bourlingué des glaces de la Baie d’Hudson jusqu’au soleil des Antilles. Aussi à l’aise en escarpins dans les salons de Versailles qu’en mocassins sous ...…
 
Invité : Dave Noël, historien et journalisteNous aborderons le rôle joué par le marquis Louis-Joseph de Montcalm dans la bataille des plaines d’Abraham du 13 septembre 1759 et le destin posthume de ce général dont le nom est devenu synonyme de défaite. Plus d'informations : https://www.fondationlionelgroulx.org/9e-rencontre-Louis-Joseph-de.html…
 
Invité : Dave Noël, historien et journalisteNous aborderons le rôle joué par le marquis Louis-Joseph de Montcalm dans la bataille des plaines d’Abraham du 13 septembre 1759 et le destin posthume de ce général dont le nom est devenu synonyme de défaite. Plus d'informations : https://www.fondationlionelgroulx.org/9e-rencontre-Louis-Joseph-de.html…
 
Invité : Denys Chouinard, archivisteMarguerite Bourgeoys a contribué à la naissance de certaines de nos valeurs les plus fondamentales, notamment l’éducation pour tous et, d’une certaine façon, l’égalité entre les hommes et les femmes.Pour plus d'information : https://www.fondationlionelgroulx.org/8e-rencontre-Marguerite.html…
 
Jean-Louis Demarne’s career was not that of a powerful Academician. He was instead a painter who actively sought out and capitalised on the taste of middle-class collectors. Influenced by the highly finished landscapes and genre scenes of Dutch painters currently in vogue among Parisian collectors, Demarne’s landscapes and genre scenes found an eag…
 
Jacques-Louis David’s Portrait of Alphonse Leroy is widely recognised as among the painter’s greatest portraits. In its sobriety, its scientific attention to surface effects and details, and its effort to produce an image of its sitter as psychologically complex, it forms a direct line to his many later, exceptional depictions of Napoleon Bonaparte…
 
Simon Vouet’s Allegory of Prudence is one of the Musée Fabre’s most significant paintings. It is remarkable as much for its formal bravado – its contorted arabesque lines, its statuesque forms, its dramatic lighting effects – as for its historical importance.Allegory of Prudence was painted for the recently widowed Queen Regent, Anne of Austria, as…
 
Nicolas Poussin is one of France’s greatest painters. Venus and Adonis is an important example of the mythologies he painted in Rome during the 1620s. In Rome, the artistic centre of Europe, Poussin absorbed the lessons of classical antiquity and the Italian masters. Poussin’s innovation was to merge these influences with an often astonishing reali…
 
Due largely to the fact that he spent much of his adult life working outside of the country, and because of the very flexible nature of his work, which often shifted dramatically between styles and themes, Sébastien Bourdon’s work has often been ignored in France. Bourdon was, it was thought, a chameleon, whose skill was more in mimicry than innova…
 
Léon-François Bénouville's splendidly modelled figure of Achilles intrudes into the space of the viewer. He literally steps beyond the surface of the canvas. Thus, in the painting's careful attention to the human form and in the precision of its modelling of paint, it fulfils ideally the task of the painted academic figure studies required of Prix …
 
One of Gustave Courbet’s most significant canvases, Good Day, Monsieur Courbet depicts a chance meeting of the painter, his patron Alfred Bruyas and Bruyas’s servant Calas, on a road outside Montpellier.The painting teases the often fraught relationship of painter and private patron. Bruyas had trained as a painter, but poor health kept him from th…
 
Achille-Etna Michallon was a highly ambitious prodigy, who first exhibited at the Salon at the age of fifteen. Michallon won the inaugural Grand Prix for Historical Landscape in 1817, a prize introduced with him in mind, and one he actively lobbied the recently reformed Académie to institute.Landscape with Philoctetes on the Island of Lemnos is an …
 
Eugène Isabey was a deeply Romantic painter. His work during the 1820s and 1830s is characterised by a concern with the unpredictable nature of the elements, the response of the individual to nature, and a refined, vigorous application of paint that emphasised the artist’s hand.Storm with a Shipwreck is one of Isabey’s key Romantic seascapes. He de…
 
Paul Guigou regularly painted the scenery of Provence in southern France, the region of his birth. This small landscape is typical of his work and captures the crisp light of the region, with its strong jewel-like colours. The painting’s raised point of view gives a sense of the emptiness of Provence. The composition is dominated by the expanse of …
 
In this important painting, Edgar Degas represents the city in a theatrical way. His nanny and young child sit on a stage, with Paris’ Luxembourg Garden dotted with strollers – those flashes of pink, ochre, black and white – as a backdrop. The painting marks the changing architectural and social conditions of Parisian life, as the city’s network of…
 
Joseph-Désiré Court was trained as a history painter and portraitist. He was strongly in demand as a portrait painter in aristocratic circles and at court, especially for his paintings that placed their subject in a fantastical scene.This beautiful portrait is one of Court’s most personal. Indeed, it is most likely a painting of the artist’s wife. …
 
Gustave Courbet visited Alfred Bruyas in Montpellier in the summer of 1854 and during his stay went to the seaside town of Palavas, seeing the sea for possibly the first time in his life.Courbet’s independence and strength comes through in this dramatic painting, a study of flatness and light evocative of an infinite sense of space. Dominated by th…
 
Vertumnus and Pomona is undoubtedly Jean Ranc’s greatest work. This beautiful painting depicts the effort of the god of gardens and orchards, Vertumnus, to woo the notoriously indifferent goddess of fruit trees, Pomona. Disguised as an old woman, Vertumnus lures Pomona into his trust with the story of a suitor who commits suicide, traumatised by th…
 
In Florence to avoid revolutionary Paris, François-Xavier Fabre circulated in largely English aristocratic circles and generated a prominent reputation as a painter of portraits and landscape souvenirs for tourists. In the face of this commercial activity, he struggled to produce work that accorded with his academic training.The Death of Narcissus …
 
Louis Gauffier’s Vallombrosa and the Arno Valley Seen from the Paradisino is a landscape that brings together a series of often competing influences and sources: close attention to the details of nature; Neo-classicism’s mathematical description of space; ‘nature’ as it was described at the time by the poet and philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau; an…
 
Jules Laurens undertook an incredible three-year journey throughout the Middle East and Asia Minor to Persia in the late 1840s, as part of a scientific and geographical expedition. Despite incredible hardship, Laurens drew every day. These drawings and the journey provided the basis for a significant career as an Orientalist painter and illustrator…
 
Jean-Baptiste Greuze was one of Europe’s first celebrity painters. He built a reputation on instructive paintings that covered the edifying themes of the education of children, the virtues of a simple, provincial family life, and the heroism of everyday activities.Epiphany depicts a peasant family participating in the annual celebration of the gate…
 
The philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau wrote during the eighteenth century of the importance of education. Rousseau argued that all children are born ‘naturally good’, and that education and experience could cultivate and affirm this natural goodness. It was the responsibility of families and society, Rousseau found, to enable this goodness.Noël Hal…
 
Jean Baptiste-Camille Corot trained in the Neo-classical tradition of painting, and progressively developed a highly personal vision of landscape. His stay in Italy (1825–1828) was a formative experience, since it encouraged him to study nature in the open air.In this delicate painting from the Salon of 1847, Corot has created a carefully balanced …
 
A winner of the Prix de Rome in 1704, Jean Raoux became famous for his depictions of Vestal Virgins. These paintings described the virtues of chastity and maidenhood, an image he often contrasted with that of the modern bourgeois women, whose excesses and narcissism were at odds with moral virtue. Raoux’s reputation became such that the philosopher…
 
Popularly known as ‘Robert des Ruines’, Hubert Robert built a lucrative career out of his imaginary ancient towns, cities, museums and gardens in picturesque decay. The Bridge is one such fantastical image, depicting the château in Dieppe populated by figures going about their everyday lives – a woman bathing, men herding livestock across an ancien…
 
Joseph-Marie Vien presented this sketch in a six-part submission for pre-selection for the 1743 Prix de Rome. Based on the unresolved nature of the paintings, it was a surprise to many that Vien was deemed eligible for competition and eventually won the prize. While this was reflective of the declining state of the Prix, with its unfashionable priv…
 
The central theme of François-André Vincent’s moving painting Belisarius is tolerance. The subject of the work is the illustrious Roman general who, according to legend, was wrongly accused of conspiracy against the emperor Justinian, blinded and forced to lead an itinerant life as a beggar. This was a popular subject at the time among both painter…
 
Frédéric Bazille was a friend of Alfred Bruyas and became an important early member of the Impressionist movement in Paris, where he was associated with August Renoir, Claude Monet and Alfred Sisley among others.Bazille painted at least three different views of Aigues-Mortes near Montpellier, experimenting with different compositions and formats. W…
 
Its pristine finish, sharp lines and sober palette place Alexandre Cabanel’s Albaydé at the heart of academic excellence. Indeed, the Montpellier-born Cabanel – a Prix de Rome winner in 1845 – was one of the last ardent academicians, determined to maintain the Académie’s strictures and hierarchies in the face of the radical challenges to it posed b…
 
A pregnant woman faints while her lover and his young betrothed walk down the aisle. In this moral tale, Octave Tassaert drew the attention of his contemporary audience to what was understood as a wide social problem – the plight of unmarried mothers. This was a subject that seemed to concern Tassaert greatly, considering he painted it a number of …
 
Even though Alfred Sisley was among the founding members of the Impressionist group, his reputation has only recently started to match his achievements. A prolific landscapist, whose technique was developed through his close association with Claude Monet and Frédéric Bazille, Sisley produced a number of still lives that bear the characteristics of …
 
Eugène Delacroix is one of the most significant painters of the 1800s, and the greatest of the century’s Romantic painters. In early 1832, Delacroix travelled throughout Spain and the French North African colonies of Morocco and Algeria as part of a diplomatic mission. Delacroix described North Africa as a place of sensation and beauty fundamentall…
 
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