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Key Literature in Medical Education (KeyLIME) is a bi-weekly podcast produced by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. Bringing you the main points of a medical education article in just 20 minutes. Articles that are important, innovative, or will impact your educational practice are discussed. Earn MOC credits under Section 2 for each podcast.
 
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Episode length: 37:30 Author: Petersen et. al. Publication: Reputation and impact in academic careers PNAS October 28, 2014 111(43) 15316-15321; first published October 6, 2014. Spare Keys: 29.03 Voting for Methodology and Impact: 31:05 Follow our co-hosts on Twitter! Jason R. Frank: @drjfrank Jonathan Sherbino: @sherbino Linda Snell: @LindaSMedEd …
 
Episode length: 15:04 This is Lara Varpio's 7th Methods Consult, and in this episode she explains: Theory Theoretical framework Conceptual framework Objective deductive approach Subjective Inductive approach Social Constructive ism Social Construction-ism Citations Varpio et. al., The Distinctions Between Theory, Theoretical Framework, and Conceptu…
 
Episode length: 27:04 Author: Bullock et. al. Publication: They Don’t See a Lot of People My Color: A Mixed Methods Study of Racial/Ethnic Stereotype Threat Among Medical Students on Core Clerkships Acad Med. 2020 Aug 4. Purpose: The research team set out to determine the prevalence of racial stereotype threat in medical students AND to explore stu…
 
Episode length: 25:55 Author: Gingerich et. al. Publication: Seeing but not believing: Insights into the intractability of failure to fail Med Educ. 2020 Jun 19. Purpose: “We need to identify the social rules regarding what can and cannot be said … to inform further improvement to our assessments, … How do physician supervisors conceptualize and re…
 
Episode length: 32:45 Author: Landrigan et. al. Publication: Effect on Patient Safety of a Resident Physician Schedule without 24-Hour Shifts N Engl J Med. 2020 June 25;382(26):2514-2523. Purpose: This Boston group has produced multiple previous papers relating to modified resident duty hours vs various outcomes. This time they share a multicentre …
 
Episode length: 28:46 Author: Maggio et. al. Publication: #MedEd: Exploring the relationship between altmetrics and traditional measures of dissemination in health professions education. Perspectives in Medical Education Feb 2018. Purpose of the study: To examine the relationship between altmetrics and traditional measures: journal article citation…
 
Episode Length: 27:26 KeyLIMErs know that we talk about assessment a lot. Assessment has always been the sexier older sibling to other major aspects of meded, such as curriculum. Assessment always gets the publications, the grants, the exam committees, the competence committees, the appeals, the lawyers, the Karolinska Prizes, the Hollywood glitz. …
 
Episode Length: 41:53 This is #5 the Best of KeyLIME for the Summer months of 2020. Episode 174 was originally aired on June 12, 2018. This is a KeyLIVE LIVE episode from Central Group on Educational Affair (CGEA) meeting in Rochester, Minnesota hosted by the Mayo Clinic of Medicine and Science. Authors: Mueller et. al. Publication details: Gender …
 
Episode Length: 18:32 This is #4 the Best of KeyLIME for the Summer months of 2020. Episode 188 was originally aired on Sept 18, 2018. Linda's selected paper tests the hypothesis that medical students with higher exposure to the humanities would report higher levels of positive physician qualities. Authors: Mangione S et al. Publication details: Me…
 
Episode Length: 40:07 Authors: Rietmeijer et al. Publication details:Patterns of direct observation and their impact during residency: general practice supervisors’ Med Educ. 2018 Jul 24. [Epub ahead of print] Purpose: Research question: What are the manifestations, meanings and effects of DO in developing postgraduate training relationships? Autho…
 
Episode Length: 22:15 Jon's article provides a brief description of the three key steps to learning, and introduces four major learning-science strategies. Authors: Van Hoof TJ and Doyle TJ Publication details: Van Hoof TJ, Doyle TJ Learning science as a potential new source of understanding and improvement for continuing education and continuing p…
 
Episode length: 27:45 This 'Best of' Episode was originally aired in September 2018 and has been downloaded over 2, 500 times!! Here are some citations for those listeners who are interested in taking a deeper dive into Philosophy of science: Crotty, The Foundations of Social Research: Meaning and Perspective in the Research Process (1998). Howell,…
 
Episode length: 26:52 Author: Puschel et. al. Publication: Academic excellence in Latin America: Social accountability of medical schools Medical Teacher June 2020. Social accountability is a key dimension of and a standard of excellence in medical education. But what is social accountability and why is it important? Voting for Methodology and Educ…
 
Episode length: 28:46 Author: Young et. al. Publication: A mobile app to capture EPA assessment data: Utilizing the consolidated framework for implementation research to identify enablers and barriers to engagement Perspect Med Educ June 2020. Tech is never a solution for poor educational design. But, good educational design can fail because of log…
 
Episode length: 27:23 Author: Young M. Publication: The utility of failure: a taxonomy for research and scholarship Perspect Med Educ. 2019 Dec;8(6):365-371. Purpose of study: Meredith riffed philosophy of science concepts and on Firestein’s book called Failure: why science is successful (Oxford Press 2016) and explored the idea that failure of a w…
 
Episode length: 24:35 Author: Santhosh et. al. Publication: Intensive Care Unit Educators: A Multicenter Evaluation of Behaviors Residents Value in Attending Physicians Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2017 Apr;14(4):513-516. Purpose of study: Researchers set out to identify the teaching behaviors of ICU physicians that are commonly observed by residents in the …
 
Episode Length: 34:39 Author: Winkler-Schwartz et. al. Publication: Machine Learning Identification of Surgical and Operative Factors Associated With Surgical Expertise in Virtual Reality Simulation Purpose of study: “To identify surgical and operative factors selected by a machine learning algorithm to accurately classify participants by level of …
 
Episode Length: 24:49 4 COVID Publications, selected by... Jon - Russell et. al., Peabody's Paradox: Balancing Patient Care and Medical Education in a Pandemic JGME June 2020. Lara - Gibbes Miller et. al., The Role of Medical Students During the COVID-19 Pandemic Ann Intern Med. 2020 Apr 7. Linda - Burns et al., A remotely conducted paediatric boot…
 
Episode Length: 23:55 4 COVID Publications, selected by... Linda - Rakowsky Five Questions for Residency Leadership in the Time of COVID-19: Reflections of Chief Medical Residents From an Internal Medicine Program Acad Med. 2020 Apr 13;10.1097/ACM. Lara - Moon The Impact Of The Coronavirus Outbreak On Medical School Admissions Jon - Ungtrakul Multi…
 
Episode Length: 32:06 Author: Ricotta et. al. Publication: The Mindful Manager: Validation of a Rounding Leadership Instrument for Residents J Gen Intern Med. 2020 Apr;35(4):1161-1166 What are the skills needed to lead rounds? The purpose of this study is: “To develop and collect validity evidence for a direct observation instrument of internal med…
 
Episode Length: 23:18 Author: Cook et. al. Publication: Internet-Based Learning in the Health Professions A Meta-analysis JAMA. 2008 Sep 10;300(10):1181-96 It's an oldie but a goodie, Cook et al., published this paper back in 2008. To see if Education is better with or without Internet! Specifically elements of effective learning with an on-line fo…
 
Episode Length: 27:05 Author: Swendiman et., al. Publication: Qualities and Methods of Highly Effective Surgical Educators: A Grounded Theory Model J Surg Educ. 2019 Sep - Oct;76(5):1293-1302 Purpose: “To identify personal qualities and teaching methods of highly effective surgical educators using a novel research design.” (And 3..2..1.. Lara’s hea…
 
Episode Length: 36:24 Author: Klasen et. al. Publication: Allowing failure for educational purposes in postgraduate clinical training: A narrative review Med Teach. 2019 Nov;41(11):1263-1269. Purpose: The authors conducted a narrative literature review to explore the postgraduate medical education literature for existing knowledge of the when, why,…
 
Episode Length: 33:15 Author: Pal NE et. al., Publication: Teachers’ mindsets in medical education: A pilot survey of clinical supervisors Med Teach. 2020 Mar;42(3):291-298. Today's episode looks at Mindsets in Medical Education. This paper by Pal et. al., was chosen by Linda Snell and discusses whether supervisors think key components of competenc…
 
Episode Length: 25:35 Author: Deslauriers et. al., Publication: Measuring actual learning versus feeling of learning in response to being actively engaged in the classroom Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2019 Sep 24;116(39):19251-19257. Voting for Methodology and Educational Impact: 19:11 This is a study of two contrasting instructional methods: Active L…
 
Episode Length: 34:50 Author: Jain, N. Publication: Political disclosure: resisting ableism in medical education Disability & Society (2019) Purpose of study: This paper explores the ways political disclosure is enacted by medical students to deepen our understanding of inclusion and the complexity of disability experiences. It studies political di…
 
Episode Length: 32:18 Author: Sawatsky et.al., Publication: Autonomy and Professional Identity Formation in Residency Training: A Qualitative Study. Med Educ. 2020 Jan 28. Thinking about professional identity formation, the authors sought to characterize the relationship between individual aspects and the context in which residents work, with a spe…
 
To-date this first Episode of 2020 has had 1, 657 downloads! “…the objectives of the current study were (a) to compare the effectiveness of productive failure relative to direct instruction on acquisition and application of a novel concept, and (b) to compare the effectiveness of productive failure relative to direct instruction on an assessment wh…
 
Episode Length: 28:50 Author: Samuriwo et. al., Publication: ‘Man up’: Medical students’ perceptions of gender and learning in clinical practice: A qualitative study Med Educ. 2020 Feb;54(2):150-161. Do you think that there are differences in how learners gender impacts their learning? This study set out to examine how medical students perceive the…
 
Episode Length: 28:47 Author: Dhindsa et. al., Publication: Individualized pattern recognition for detecting mind wandering from EEG during live lectures. PLoS One. 2019 Sep 12;14(9):e0222276 Today's episode was chosen by Jonathan Sherbino. Does Mind Wandering during lectures have a negative affect on learning? In this study 16 lecture audience mem…
 
Episode Length: 26:50 Author: Hu et. al., Publication: Discrimination, Abuse, Harassment, and Burnout in Surgical Residency Training N Engl J Med. 2019 Oct 31;381(18):1741-1752 This paper examines self-reported mistreatments among US General Surgery residents. "Could be paper of the year" Jonathan Sherbino "You're either part of the problem or part…
 
Episode Length: 21:06 Author: Steenhof et. al., Publication: Productive failure as an instructional approach to promote future learning. Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract. 2019 Oct;24(4):739-749. Voting for Methodology and Impact: 17:32 Follow our co-hosts on Twitter! Jason R. Frank: @drjfrank Jonathan Sherbino: @sherbino Linda Snell: @LindaSMedEd L…
 
Episode length: 40:35 The purpose of this paper is 1) To describe interpretations of commonly used phrases in Letters of reference by PDs other than in pediatrics. 2) To identify areas of agreement or variation between pediatrics, surgery, and IM LORs. Author Saudek et. al. Publication Pediatric, Surgery, and Internal Medicine Program Director Inte…
 
Episode length 26:45 Today's article seeks to inductively develop insights into the concept of psychological safety for medical learners Author Hsiang-Te Tsuei, et. al. Publication Exploring the Construct of Psychological Safety in Medical Education Acad Med. 2019 Nov;94 16:18 Audience participation starts 23:05 Voting on Methodology and Educationa…
 
Episode length 26:41 This is the last episode recorded live at the ICRE 2019 in Ottawa. Three classic papers are reviewed by Dr.s Linda Snell, Jonathan Sherbino and Jason Frank. Do they fit your definition of Classic? 00:55 Hafferty. Beyond Curriculum Reform: Confronting Medicine's Hidden Curriculum. Acad Med. 1998 Apr;73(4):403-7. 8:40 Barsuk et. …
 
Episode length - 22:04 This episode was recorded live at the ICRE 2019 in Ottawa. Another 3 classic papers are reviewed by Dr.s Linda Snell, Jonathan Sherbino and Jason Frank. Do they fit your definition of Classic? 00:50 Jason's classic choice. Choudry et. al., Systematic Review: The relationship between clinical experience and quality of health c…
 
Episode length - 25:44 This episode is the review of the first 3 classic papers discussed at the ICRE 2019 in Ottawa. 4:04 Jon Sherbino's choice. Harden et. al., Assessment of clinical competence using objective structured examination. Med J. 1975 Feb 22;1(5955):447-51. 9:36 Linda's choice. Ende, J. Feedback in Clinical Medical Education JAMA. 1983…
 
Episode length 22:16 Linda Snell chosen paper was the 2nd paper reviewed at KeyLIME LIVE at the ICRE 2019 in Ottawa. Feedback and debriefing –both essential for learning and improving future performance … are the underlying theories and actions unique, or is there a need to reconceptualize into a shared framework? Questions/comments from audience P…
 
Total length of episode 38:17 This episode was recorded live at ICRE 2019 in Ottawa, Ontario. Jon presents paper first paper at 7:30 Purpose: “…we sought to determine which interventions aimed at increasing under-represented populations are associated with meeting the desired outcomes of increasing the representation of these populations within the…
 
Episode length 25:58 Background: As health education evolves, a pipeline of individuals who possess the competencies necessary to develop new curricular content and deliver it via novel pedagogies is needed. Clinician educators (CEs)* are increasingly an important part of the medical education workforce. The purpose of the review is to identify kno…
 
Episode length 29:38 Jason's chosen paper is on Authorship, which is a fundamental attribution for scholarly contribution, and is the basis of career advancement, global recognition, funding, wellness, professional identity, and even historical legacy. Unfortunately, it is mired in tomfoolery. Voting on Methods at 27:15, and Educational Impact 27:3…
 
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